The biography of Ernest Hemingway, a prominent American author and journalist. He was famous for his concise and powerful writing style and adventurous and often tumultuous personal life.
Born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, Hemingway was the second of six children.
His father was a physician, and his mother was a musician, and both parents instilled in him a love of literature and the arts from a young age.
Hemingway began his writing career as a journalist for The Kansas City Star, where he learned to write concise, straightforward prose, a style that would become his hallmark.
This biography delves into the life and legacy of Ernest Hemingway,
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Early Life and Education of Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, on July 21, 1899.
His father, Clarence Hemingway, was a physician, and his mother, Grace Hemingway, was a musician and voice teacher.
Hemingway had loved a childhood filled love of the outdoors, particularly hunting and fishing, and a passion for literature and the arts.
He attended Oak Park and River Forest High School, where he wrote for the school newspaper and literary magazine, and later enrolled at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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World War I and Early Career
In 1918, Hemingway volunteered for service in World War I and worked in Italy as an ambulance driver.
He suffered a severe wound from shrapnel in 1918 and spent several months recovering in a hospital in Milan.
After the war, Hemingway returned to the United States. He worked as a journalist for The Kansas City Star, where he learned to write clear and concise prose.
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Paris Years and Literary Success of Ernest Hemingway
After the war, Hemingway moved to Paris, where he became part of the expatriate community of writers and artists, including Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Ezra Pound.
He started writing fiction, and his first collection of short stories, In Our Time, was published in 1925. His first novel followed this, The Sun Also Rises.
This was followed by his first novel, The Sun Also Rises, based on his experiences in Paris and Spain and is now a classic of modernist literature.
The war profoundly impacted him, and many of his later works, such as A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls, draw on his experiences as a soldier.
Hemingway’s writing features direct prose, simple and concrete language, and focus on love, war, and death themes.
He was also famous for his love of adventure and the outdoors. Many of his works, such as The Old Man and the Sea, are set in natural environments, and feature characters engaged in physical and emotional struggles.
Throughout his life, Hemingway struggled with personal demons, including depression and alcoholism.
In 1921, he married his first wife, Hadley Richardson, and the couple moved to Paris.
He married four times and had numerous affairs; his personal life was often tumultuous and controversial. In 1961, Hemingway took his own life at the age of 61.